Jan Kozak was a Communist member of the Czechoslovak National Assembly and for a time the Czech Communist Party's official historian. Whereas early Red strategy sought to destroy national legislatures in non-Communist nations, Kozak, using the post-war Red takeover of Czechoslovakia as a blueprint, describes how an elected parliamentary system can be transformed by largely legal and constitutional means into an engine of revolutionary collectivism — without a shot being fired. The central strategy entails a pincers movement of pressure from above and below. As summarized by Thomas R. Eddlem in his introduction to this new edition of the Kozak classic, Communist and socialist elements within a parliament, though in a minority, initiate "policies and legislation which strengthen the hand of grassroots revolutionaries." They also connive to punish those who oppose the planned coup. "Meanwhile, grassroots revolutionaries whip up the appearance of popular support" for the revolutionary agenda "through strikes, rallies, petitions, threats, and — sometimes — sabotage. The 'pressure from below' by the small number of revolutionaries and their larger number of dupes is then used to 'justify' the centralization of power in the hands of the executive branch of the state. Wishy-washy politicians are intimidated, and the 'pressure from above' intensifies. Each legislative victory results in new demands ('pressure from below') for even stronger legislation, which is relentlessly pursued by communists and their dupes in parliament — who claim, of course, that they are acting in the name of the popular will. The cycle continues until opposition is completely powerless, intimidated, or liquidated — and the revolution is a fait accompli."
And Not A Shot Is Fired
Here's a brief review of a very revealing book, especially for those who viewed Glenn Beck's programs this week about the 1969 radical manifesto, "You Don't Need A Weatherman To Know Which Way The Wind Blows." This book review originally appeared in the July 5, 1999 issue of The New American magazine as a helpful guide to those interested in a deeper understanding of elite power politics and the larger cultural-social revolution which is the "prefigurative dimension" of the political revolution that is battering and undermining American society, institutions, and values.