The U.S. Supreme Court heard arguments April 25 in the Arizona immigration case that pits the right of that state to protect its borders against efforts by the federal government to claim exclusive authority over immigration policy.
Following its passage in 2010, Arizona’s Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act (S.B. 1070) became the target of a lawsuit by President Obama’s Department of Justice (DOJ), which asked U.S. District Judge Susan Bolton (photo) to overturn the law on the grounds that the “power to regulate immigration is exclusively vested in the federal government.”
Bolton ruled in favor of the DOJ, and was backed up by the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals, which by a 2-1 vote put on hold the four key parts of the Arizona law (as explained by CNN):
A requirement that local police officers check a person’s immigration status while enforcing other laws if “reasonable suspicion” exists that the person is in the United States illegally.
A provision authorizing police to arrest immigrants without warrant where “probable cause” exists that they committed any public offense making them removable from the country.
A section making it a state crime for “unauthorized immigrants” to fail to carry registration papers and other government identification.
A ban on those not authorized for employment in the United States to apply, solicit, or perform work. That would include immigrants standing in a parking lot who “gesture or nod” their willingness to be employed.
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