On Friday, March 1, an explosion from a suicide bomber rocked the U.S. Embassy in Ankara, Turkey, killing both a security guard and the bomber. Responsibility for the terrorist attack was claimed not by an Islamic terror group but rather by a self-described Marxist-Leninist group known as the Revolutionary People's Liberation Party-Front.
Known in its native language as the Devrimci Halk Kurtulus Partisi-Cephesi (DHKP-C), it was officially founded in 1994 after splitting from the Marxist Turkish terror group Devrimci Sol, which translates into Karatas Faction. This faction itself was a splinter from Devrimci Yol, which too splintered from the original Turkish People's Liberation Party-Front (THKP-C) of the 1970s.
The DHKP-C, like its ancestor the THKP-C, is an ideologically Marxist-Leninist, anti-Western group. Its flag (shown above) displays the communist hammer & sickle inside the red star. It advocates Turkey's withdrawal from NATO and has branded its own country’s government as a Fascist regime. The U.S. State Department originally designated the group as a foreign terrorist organization (FTO) in 1997, and it remains on the Department’s list of FTOs. The DHKP-C is believed to have fewer than 1,000 members.
In a statement from the Revolutionary People's Liberation Party-Front, they described their attack on the U.S. embassy as an "act of self-sacrifice" designed to target the United States, which they branded the "murderer of the people of the world," according to the International Business Times.
In an interview with the International Business Times, Dr. Dilshod Achilov, assistant professor of political science at East Tennessee State University, explained that “the DHKP-C’s mentality, for instance, is still trapped in the Cold War. For them, the Cold War apparently never ended.”
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